Other Buildings of Interest



CAREY VILLA, Ref. 1302012
(GRADE II - First listed 15th October 1984)
Carey Villa, adjacent to the School.

Source:  Historic England
SO 85 NW HALLOW CP A 443 (west side)
House. c1840, mid-C20 alterations. Brick with tiled roof, brick end stacks with tiled offsets. Three storeys; 3 bays; ground floor outer bays have canted bay windows with slate roofs, central 16-pane sashes and 8-pane side lights; first and second floor outer windows have moulded architraves flush with wall face, the first floor windows are glazing bar sashes with cambered heads, the second floor windows are 6-pane sashes; central first and second floor windows blocked. Central door has gabled canopy and part glazed C20 door with cambered head. Interior not inspected. A single storey former wash house adjoins north gable end. C20 lean-to extension at rear.
Listing NGR: SO8262658600
From the Archives held at The Hive, Worcester -  a letter can be read detailing a complaint regarding ownership of land at Carey Villa, the detail is below (please note our researcher has copied the exact style and spelling of the time).  The date of the letter, from Edward Meates, the Schoolmaster of Hallow School to the Reverend Shipley, Vicar of the Parish, is 1818.

Reverend Sir,
In answer to your letter, which came to hand on Wednesday last, I inform you the dimension of the land in question, northward of my paling are 1452 square yards, deducting the road  And in order to imprint on your mind a true statement of the whole matter in dispute. I shall give you a concise sketch of the same That Mr Phelps in surveying, allow’d me the space of land opposite my pales; for he knew the Act obliges to have regard to building  That in the course of the day, gave me, unask’d for, the land leading to Mrs Carey’s. my giving up a road at the Windmill Common, which was agreed on  That in a few days after comes Mr Smith and makes an objection to it  That then I wrote to Mr Phelps to purchase it, who returned no answer; and some time afterwards came & staked out the road leading from my paling to the adjoining Cottages, leaving only 20 feet inside, instead of 30 by the Act for all new Inclosures; for he was aware of not being justifiable to divert and turn the road at pleasure for any ones convenience  That deducting the road below my pales , the remainder of land will be of little or no value. particularly for building upon  That the whole of the land in many person’s opinions will be dear at the expense of leaving, enclosing and making good; for it is nothing but Gravel, the soil hath long been taken away, & surely  no one would purchase land, already his own I shall not however quietly and easily submit to be deprived of my right and laughingly turned out and where they please  These are the observations and  statement of the land in dispute  Could anything in my favor be devised by you, I shall be much oblig’d, and am
Reverend Sir
Your very humble Servant
Edward Meates

31st August 1820 – Berrows Worcester Journal

“Last week at Hallow, at an advanced age, Mrs Carey’s relict of Mr. Carey, Wine Merchant of this City.”

Census 1861
Esther Bourne, aged 53, born in Holt, was recorded as a ‘landed proprietor.  She was registered along with her daughter, Harriet Perkins aged 35, a farmer’s wife, Henry Perkins (grandson aged 11 days) and daughter Ellen Bourne aged 15, a pupil teacher.  Both daughters and grandson were recorded as being born in Hallow.

Wednesday 19th January 1870 – Worcestershire Chronicle
Reported from the Realisation article of Mr. S. M. Tearne’s estate, “Lot 3 - Carey Villa (Freehold) contains Parlour, Kitchen, four Bedrooms, Back Kitchen, and capital large Garden, now let to Mrs. Bourne, at a rent of £10. 10s. a year.  Lot 4 - adjoining this Lot, three brick-built Freehold houses, with productive Gardens fronting the Turnpike road, and a range of 4 Pig-cots (one usually let with Lot 3) let to Smith, Barrow, and Ward, at rents amounting to £18 per year.  Lot 5 – three pleasantly situated Freehold houses adjoining, with large and excellent Gardens, suitable for the erection of more houses, now let to Roe, Palmer and Stockwell at rents amounting to £17. 5s. a year.”

Wednesday 26th January 1870 - Worcestershire Chronicle
- Messrs. Hobbs offered for sale by auction at the Star Hotel, on Friday evening, “Mount Pleasant”, Henwick the fitly-named residence of the late S. M. Tearne, Esq., and several other properties belonging to that gentleman ………. ‘Carey Villa’ Hallow was bought by Mr. John Rose, jun., for £200 with three small houses adjoining bought by Mr. George Barke for £280 and three ditto, by Mr. T. Newnd for £295“

The Will of Samuel Mawthill Tearne states that he died 30th November 1869, a ‘gentleman and bachelor’, leaving his estate (‘effects under £1,500’) to his brother, Thomas Mawthill Tearne of Stockton, Worcestershire, his only next of kin.  Further information found on Ancestry.co.uk shows that another Thomas Mawthill Tearne, farmer of Park Farm, Hallow died 28th April 1875.  This was possibly son of his namesake, and nephew of Samuel. The unusual name of Mawthill seems to relate to another family who lived in Stockton-on-Teme, but no marriage to the Tearnes could be found.

Census 1871
Esther Bourne,  now described as a retired ‘farmeress’, and her daughter Ellen were still living at the property together with grandson Edward Lewis Perkins aged 7, a scholar.  Edward was born in Whitbourne, Herefordshire. 

Census 1881
Registered were Esther, and Ellen, now married and surnamed Adams.  Ellen is no longer recorded as a teacher. Grandson Edward Perkins still lived here and was working as a Compositor. Also registered was son-in-law Charles Adams, aged 29, a Railway Foreman.  Charles was born in Ripple, Glos.  The property was recorded as Carey Cottage. 

Census 1891
The occupants were listed as Esther, grandson Edward, now described as a Compositor/Printer, son-in-law Charles, daughter Ellen, and a niece, Gertrude E. Abbott, a teacher (aged 14) who was born in Chester, Cheshire.

Census 1901 and 1911 (Carey Cottage)
Charles and Ellen were the only occupants now recorded living here.

Electoral Roll 1915 and 1919
Frederick Joseph Withey was recorded living at Carey Villa.  Frederick was an Acting Sergeant in the Labour Battalion of the Royal Engineers, Gloucester and Worcester Regiments.  More information can be read about him on our "WWI page, List of Soldiers, T to Y".

Saturday 3rd August, 1918 – Gloucestershire Chronicle

The notice of sale of several properties was announced including Carey Villa, Freehold Cottage and garden, Hallow.

Saturday 3rd August, 1918 – Gloucestershire Chronicle
The notice of sale of several properties was announced including Carey Villa, Freehold Cottage and garden, Hallow.

1939 Register  recorded that Carey Villa was occupied by Leonard James Finch, born 13th January 1879, his wife Ellen Jessie, born 10th December 1877, and married daughter, Ethel Cook, born October 1911.  Leonard was a bricklayer, as was his father, Ellen was a housewife, and daughter Ethel was a confectioner and cake-maker.

Prior to Mr. Marshman purchasing the property c. 1949 (see below), a handwritten Electoral Roll recorded the occupants of Carey Villa as a family named Finch  - the following information was written:

R.I.P 1949 - Leonard James Finch. (Leonard had worked as a bricklayer - more information about him can be read under sub-heading "WWI - Listings of Service Personnel, E to G"
R.I.P. 1951 - Mrs. Finch.
Mr. R. Finch and Miss L. E. Finch "left the parish". (Date unknown).

c. 1949
Carey Villa was purchased by George Marshman, (24th June 1920 to 6th March 2008).  George was a well-known member of the community of Hallow, being a shoe repairer, postman, and school caretaker.  He was born at Thorngrove, Grimley, son of the head gardener.  In 1951, he  married Mary nee Carpenter.  Of their three sons, the eldest, David, still lives at the property today (2018). 
PARKFIELD HOUSE, 1865 – 1932

An article in the Worcester Chronicle of 8 November 1865 details the building of one of Hallow’s significant properties of the time.

The mansion is described as elegant, picturesque and at the same time, a most convenient site facing the turnpike road, and bordered on the right by woodland, and the naturally ornamental and considerable grounds stretch down to the riverside.

The property was to be built for Charles Wheeley Lea of Worcester sauce fame, and on two fields adjacent to Hallow Park.  The builders, Messrs. Wood and Son offered £200 to the turnpike lessee, Mr Burch, for the right to convey the considerable quantities of building materials through the turnpike gate, but Mr Burch countered that he could not do it for under £300, resulting in a different plan – instead of dragging the wood, brick, stone and mortar along the turnpike road materials were floated across the river by barge from a brickfield that was opposite on the east bank of the river.  They were then hoisted by derrick onto a tram road and conveyed by waggons to the building site.

The mansion was designed by W. J.  Hopkins, and had huge bay windows and a massive entrance tower, plus banded rooves.  Of the original work there survives the long brick wall alongside the road, and the South Lodge with timbered gables, pierced bargeboards, fish-scale rooves and typically chunky gate piers.  The property took almost two years to build, with the interior extremely opulent and ornate, and on a magnificent scale typical of the Victorians.

Most of the wood carving, marble and stone work was carried out by William Forsythe, a Scotsman, who with his brother James worked on many ecclesiastical projects all over England.  Locally they crafted the font in Hallow Church, the beautiful granite pulpit in Worcester Cathedral, many memorials in churches across the county, including John Wheeley Lea’s tomb at Powick, and (1860) the Perseus and Andromeda fountains at Witley Court (James’ most prestigious work.

The house was finished in 1868 with Charles and Amy Wheeley Lea moving in with up to 14 servants at any one time.  Ten years later, they built black and white cottages for their staff on the road opposite with, again designed by Hopkins.  They purchased land in what was then known as Workhouse Lane and built a bailiff’s house within a walled nursery and this was where their produce was grown.  They also built a laundry on the site of the demolished workhouse and adjacent three cottages.  The lane was then renamed “Parkfield Lane”.

After Charles died (1874) , and Amy (1916) Parkfield House together with many Hallow properties were left to the Bishop of Worcester, Rev. Huyshe Wolcott Yeatman Biggs.  He renamed Parkfield House “Bohn Court”.  The house fell into disrepair and was demolished in 1932, but garden features of Grade II listing remained.   The local newspaper wrote ‘mercifully the change of name had hidden the true identity of a truly remarkable piece of Victorian architecture’.  A couple of years later the present much smaller Parkfield House was built in the grounds



The oldest home in Hallow?

Residents of Hallow past and present would be familiar with Windsor Cottage, being the black and white cottage opposite Hallow School. It is remembered as the cottage where Mr and Mrs Moon lived – Mr Moon being the Headmaster of Hallow School.

From 1959 – 2008 Miss Sheila Anderson was the owner, the sister of Jean Anderson, who played a lead in the TV programme “Tenko”. On the tithe map of 1841 Windsor Cottage was known as “Windsor Castle House”. It is a Grade II listed building thought to have been built in 1650.

Hallow History Group wishes to thank the owners who enabled us to invite Stephen Price, the Buildings historian, to look at the house in 2017. He kindly carried out a detailed survey of the property both inside and out.

The Summary of the Report states “The earliest phase of this timber-framed house is represented by the two southernmost bays.  Its central truss uses the interrupted tie-beam truss with a doorway between the two upper rooms.  Due to access restrictions it has not been possible to establish whether one bay was originally an open hall.  Equally possible the building may have always been floored and the end stack could be contemporary.  A date in the second half of the 16th century is proposed, replacing the earlier dating of the building to the 17th century.  The building was extended northwards by two more bays in the late 17th or 18th century and retains a tie-beam truss with raking struts.”

Stephen identified a particular use of straight up-braces between the wallplate and the posts which is paralleled in a house in Ombersley parish which has been timber carbon-dated to the 1570s or 1580s, while a late 16th century date for the same feature has come from a house in Severnside North at Bewdley.  The interrupted tie-beam truss mentioned in his summary, “has a broad date range, being well documented from the 16th through to the 18th century”.

(“Wallplate” - A timber laid lengthwise at the wall top to receive the ends of the roof rafters and other joists and “Tie-beam” - The horizontal transverse beam in a roof, tying together the feet of pairs of rafters to counteract thrust.)

Further research showed John Stanton living at the cottage in 1579 when it was part of the Bishop’s Hallow Estate. From Stephen Price’s research on Hearth Tax records we know that William Tedd/Tead lived at the cottage in 1662 and had one hearth compared to Hallow Park which had ten.

Windsor Cottage was Copyhold 24 and can be traced through the Manor Rent books, Court Rolls and later deeds and conveyances. There are other early properties in Hallow that have yet to be researched back before the mid-17th century, but Windsor Cottage maybe the oldest surviving home in the village.                                                           

Jeannette Roe and Jacquie Hartwright
Last updated:  11.06.2019



Researcher Joy Fulcher:

With so many destitute and homeless families in the country, parishes were encouraged to build a poor house or workhouse, and at a vestry meeting held in 1804, it was decided to build a workhouse in Hallow, situated to the North of Windmill common.  The lane was then named Workhouse Lane, but today is Parkfield Lane.

To cover the building costs, a mortgage for around £300 was arranged.  Furniture, bedding and utensils were purchased with the money raised from the sale of parish owned tenements near the turnpike in Henwick Road.  In 1807 another room was added for the sick and lame and in 1817 two more tenements at Henwick Hill were sold in order to reduce the mortgage. 

Hallow’s workhouse was recorded as a superior ‘poor house’ in comparison to many built in other Worcestershire parishes and Wichenford, Grimley, Warndon and Broadheath regularly rented space. Other parishes making occasional use of the facilities included Astley, Ombersley, Crowle and Martin Hussingtree. 

Mothers often died in childbirth and fathers were left to bring up children. Hallow’s records show three such entries.  Thomas Everton father to seven had his eldest son living with him to help out, the next two children were apprenticed out at the age of 11 and 9 and the remaining 4 were at home, the youngest aged 2.   John Stokes was bringing up 4 children and a 1 week old baby, and John Pully was caring for his 2 young children and a baby.

Destitute families were interviewed when it was decided whether to give them out-door poor relief or to admit them to the workhouse. They would be classified with regard to their age, physical and mental incapacity or whether they were able bodied and could work.  As well as cash the committee would provide clothing and household necessities:- 

John Kettly to have a shirt, jacket and trousers, a pair of stockings and shoes mended, also a smock frock.

Mary Pugh was to be provided with proper materials to make a straw mat and that she also to have a shift, bodice, stockings and a cap.

James Doughty was given a smock-frock and pair of shoes for his 9 year old son.

Records show that in 1820 there were three applicants for the position of Governor.  The contract offered the house and land rent free and 20/- per year for mops and brooms.   He was paid a per capita rate of 7/- for each adult and 3/6 for each child under three. 

Governors were quite young, late 20s early 30s and their  life was not an easy one dealing with the elderly, the blind, the chronically sick, the mentally ill, young children and orphans, as well as able-bodied inmates,  a mix that was bound to cause problems.  He was responsible for purchasing food, coal and all other necessities for the care of the inmates. 

Hallow’s vestry minutes record an order to purchase leg-irons with chains and a pair of handcuffs for the use of the Governor of the workhouse;   a whipping post was also ordered for erection at Lower Broadheath and Jonathan Hughes submitted his account for erecting the stocks and whipping posts, amounting to £2. 8. 2d.

Inmates were to obey all orders according to the rule, there was to be no cursing or swearing, the feigning of sickness, disorderly behaviour, or wrangling with one another and everyone was to mind his or her own business.  It they did not obey the rules then they would have their diets restricted or have one month on the tread mill.  

Unmarried, pregnant women were usually disowned by their families or thrown out of service and the workhouse was the only place they could go during and after the birth of their child.  Law required that they declare their pregnancy and to name the father who would become responsible for maintaining his illegitimate child; failure to do so could result in him going to gaol, if indeed he could be found.

A warrant was issued on 1st March, 1803, requesting the Constable of the Parish of Hallow to apprehend William Addingbrook  “Elizabeth Pugh of Hallow has on oath, declared herself to be with Child and that the said child is likely to be born a bastard and that William Addingbrook of the Parish of Sinton in Hereford is the father of the said child."

After 1835 Poor Law Commissioners issued diets and food rations, which incidentally were less than that for prisons.   In 1830, on being charged with half starving the inmates, the matron of Hallow admitted that she did not weigh the portions.

Families were separated in workhouses, which was hard on orphans from the same family.  They slept in wards - Men and boys, women and girls.  Young married couples were kept apart until they were past child bearing age for obvious reasons.
In 1835 the governor wrote a long letter addressed to 14 prominent Hallow people - requesting a rise in the per capita rate as he couldn’t make enough to support his own family.    He said that the inmates were very old, very young, or bedridden and he was required to change the bed linen 3 or 4 times a week and he had underestimated the cost of washing soap.  The Vestry agreed to increase his pay by 6 pence per head.

In 1834 the Victorians, inspired by their Christian ideals, and a population explosion, brought in a new Poor Law Act which saw unions set up to provide much larger workhouses designed to accommodate several hundred people.  Responsibility for the destitute was removed from individual parishes and these smaller workhouses were phased out.  The aim was to get the poor back to work.

Martley Poor Law Union was officially formed on the 8th October 1836 with a Board of 31 Guardians, representing its 28 constituent parishes. 
After the formation of the Martley union, the workhouse at Hallow continued to operate and in June 1838

The 1881 general census lists the Martley Union Workhouse’ as having 80 male, 39 female occupants, with ages ranging from 6 weeks to 88 years. Three were described as ‘Idiots or imbeciles’ one as ‘dumb and imbecile’ and one a cripple!

Hallow workhouse closed in 1839 and was rented out to Mr. Tearne for £20 per year, and became a tenement occupied by 6 families.  In 1887 it was sold along with other cottages, and land to Charles Wheeley Lea.   He and his wife Amy had built their mansion on the main road and needed accommodation for their staff. 

The workhouse was demolished and in its place the laundry to the Wheeley Lea estate was built.